Powered by Google

A prospective multicenter randomized placebo-controlled trial of dexamethasone as an adjuvant in the treatment of postoperative bacterial endophthalmitis: interim safety analysis of the study drug and analysis of overall treatment results.

Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 2014, vol. 252, issue 10

PURPOSE

In an ongoing prospective multicenter randomised placebo-controlled trial we study the adjuvant use of intravitreal dexamethasone in the treatment of patients with suspected bacterial endophthalmitis after phacoemulsification. In accordance with the study protocol, a mid-inclusion interim analysis of the safety of the study drug was performed.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

Patients with suspected endophthalmitis after phacoemulsification were asked to participate in this study. A diagnostic vitreous biopsy was taken and the patients received intravitreal injections of 400 micrograms dexamethasone or a placebo, plus 0.2 mg vancomycin and 0.05 mg gentamicin. Injections were repeated after 3 or 4 days. The safety analysis included: the number of eyes with an evisceration; no light perception; or a visual acuity of less than 5/200. Treatment outcome was evaluated in terms of: the percentage of patients with a visual acuity of 20/40 or more and 20/100 or more.

RESULTS

The interim analysis included 81 patients with at least 1 year follow-up. Sixty-three patients (65 %) were culture-positive. Safety analysis: 7 eyes were eviscerated (3 dexamethasone, 4 placebo); 4 eyes had no light perception (2 dexamethasone, 2 placebo); and 4 eyes had less than 5/200 vision (3 dexamethasone, 1 placebo). Treatment outcome: 70 % of patients had a visual acuity of at least 20/40.

CONCLUSION

The safety analysis does not warrant premature discontinuation of the study. So far, the overall outcome of our treatment regimen, consisting of merely a diagnostic biopsy instead of a vitrectomy and an optimized antibiotic dosing, compares favourably to published literature.

Link to full publication

By visiting eyehospital.nl you are accepting the use of cookies. Read more about cookies.

Hide this message