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The role of thrombin in proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014, vol. 55, issue 7

PURPOSE

To determine the role of thrombin in the development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR).

METHODS

Vitreous was collected from patients undergoing a vitrectomy (macular holes and puckers, n = 11 [controls]; retinal detachment without PVR development following vitrectomy, n = 15 [RRD1]; retinal detachment with PVR development within 6 months after vitrectomy, n = 11 [RRD2]; and established PVR, n = 14 [PVR]). Thrombin activity in vitreous was determined using a thrombin-specific chromogenic substrate. ARPE-19 cells were stimulated with 8× diluted vitreous samples in the presence and absence of hirudin. The samples were analyzed at t = 0 and t = 24 hours for the presence of 27 cytokines/chemokines and growth factors using a multiplex approach. In comparable studies, ARPE-19 cells were stimulated for 2 hours, and mRNA expression levels for CCL2, CXCL8, GMCSF, IL6, and PDGFB were determined by real-time quantitative (RQ)-PCR.

RESULTS

Thrombin activity was significantly (P

CONCLUSIONS

Thrombin activity is increased in vitreous of patients with established PVR and is involved in the activation of proinflammatory and profibrotic pathways in RPE cells. Inhibition of thrombin activity may therefore represent a potential treatment option for proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

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