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Toric vs Aspherical Control Intraocular Lenses in Patients With Cataract and Corneal Astigmatism: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2014, vol. 132, issue 12

Importance

Spectacle independence is becoming increasingly important in cataract surgery. Not correcting corneal astigmatism at the time of cataract surgery will fail to achieve spectacle independency in 20% to 30% of patients.

Objective

To compare bilateral aspherical toric with bilateral aspherical control intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in patients with cataract and corneal astigmatism.

Design, Setting, and Participants

A multicenter, hospital-based, randomized clinical trial was conducted. The participants included 86 individuals with bilateral cataract and bilateral corneal astigmatism of at least 1.25 diopters (D) who were randomized to receive either bilateral toric (n = 41) or bilateral control (n = 45) IOL implantation.

Interventions

Bilateral implantation of an aspherical toric IOL or an aspherical control IOL.

Main Outcomes and Measures

Spectacle independency for distance vision, uncorrected distance visual acuity, refractive astigmatism, contrast sensitivity, wavefront aberrations, and refractive error-related quality-of-life questionnaire.

Results

Preoperatively, mean (SD) corneal astigmatism was 2.02 (0.95) D and 2.00 (0.84) D in the toric and control groups, respectively. Four patients (5%) were lost to follow-up. At 6 months postoperatively, 26 (70%) of the patients in the toric group achieved an uncorrected distance visual acuity of 20/25 or better compared with 14 (31%) in the control group (P 

Conclusions and Relevance

In patients with cataract and corneal astigmatism, bilateral toric IOL implantation results in a higher spectacle independency for distance vision compared with bilateral control IOL implantation. No significant differences were identified in contrast sensitivity, higher-order aberrations, or refractive error-related quality of life following both treatments.

Trial Registration

clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01075542.

Link to full publication

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