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The prognostic value of extraocular extension in relation to monosomy 3 and gain of chromosome 8q in uveal melanoma.

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014, vol. 55, issue 3

PURPOSE

To identify the prognostic value of extraocular extension in enucleated uveal melanoma (UM) patients and to correlate extraocular extension to chromosomal aberrations, metastasis-free survival (MFS), and clinico-histopathological risk factors.

METHODS

Retrospective study of patients with UM treated with enucleation between 1987 and 2011. Melanoma-related metastasis and death were recorded. Statistical analysis (log-rank test or Cox regression analysis) was performed to correlate MFS with tumor characteristics, extraocular extension, episcleral diameter of the extraocular extension, cell type, extracellular matrix patterns, inflammation, loss of chromosome 3, and gain of chromosome 8q.

RESULTS

In 43 (12%) of 357 patients, extraocular extension was observed. In this subset of patients, we noted a reduced survival of 70 months (105.5 months, P = 0.010) compared with patients without extraocular extension (175.8 months). Patients with gain of chromosomal region 8q in UM with extraocular extension had an increased risk of metastatic disease (P

CONCLUSIONS

Larger episcleral diameter of the extraocular extension and additional gain of chromosome 8q in extraocular extension UM correlates to a worse prognosis. MFS is significantly reduced in UM with a large basal tumor diameter, extracellular matrix patterns, loss of chromosome 3, and gain of chromosome 8q.

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