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Lipomatous Change in Uveal Melanoma: Histopathological, Immunohistochemical and Cytogenetic Analysis.

Ocul Oncol Pathol 2016, vol. 2, issue 3

PURPOSE

The aim of this study was to describe a case of lipomatous change in uveal melanoma.

PROCEDURES

The patient presented with a 2-year history of blurry vision. A full examination of the right eye revealed a dome-shaped pigmented subretinal mass in the choroid with a thickness of 9 mm and a diameter of 15 mm. The eye was enucleated and prepared for histopathologic, genetic and molecular investigation.

RESULTS

Histopathology revealed a small circumscribed area consisting of mature adipocytic appearing cells with abundant clear cytoplasm and small peripheral flattened nuclei within a spindle-cell melanoma of the uvea. The cytoplasm of the adipocytic cells stained negative for periodic acid-Schiff and Alcian blue and positive for Melan-A, HMB-45 and tyrosinase, confirming melanocytic lineage. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis confirmed trisomy of chromosome 6p22 and disomy of chromosome 3p13 in the nuclei of both the tumor spindle type B cells and in the nuclei of lipomatous tumor cells.

CONCLUSIONS

Lipomatous change can be added to the many histopathologic faces of uveal melanoma. To our knowledge, this is the first report of lipomatous change in uveal melanoma performed with cytogenetic investigations.

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