Comparison of complication rates and postoperative astigmatism between nylon and mersilene sutures for corneal transplants in patients with Fuchs endothelial dystrophy.
Cornea 2006, vol. 25, issue 5
The purpose of this study is to evaluate corneal astigmatism and suture-related complications for transplants sutured with nylon and transplants sutured with Mersilene in primary corneal transplants for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy.
A retrospective, observational, and comparative study between transplants sutured with either nylon 10-0 or 11-0 (n = 108) or Mersilene 11-0 (n = 58) was done. One hundred sixty-six eyes of 140 patients who received a primary penetrating keratoplasty for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy between 1995 and 2001 at the Rotterdam Eye Hospital in Netherlands were included.
Overall, transplant survival did not differ between groups (log-rank test; P = 0.24). During the first 2 years after transplantation, significantly lower astigmatism was seen in transplants sutured with nylon (P = 0.03). Transplants sutured with Mersilene had a significantly higher risk of surgical intervention to correct astigmatism or wound dehiscence after transplantation (hazard ratio, 2.83; 95% confidence interval, 1.34-6.01). Time to first infiltrate, metaplasia (marked scarring along the sutures), or cheesewiring was significantly less in the Mersilene group (P
During the first years after corneal transplant surgery, Mersilene sutures are associated with a higher risk of complications and more interventions to correct suture-related problems. However, after 2 years, the grafts seem to be able to retain Mersilene sutures with less risk of suture-related complications as compared with grafts with retained nylon sutures. These favorable long-term effects of Mersilene sutures may outweigh its short-term disadvantage in patients with Fuchs endothelial dystrophy.Link to full publication