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Bevacizumab in age-related macular degeneration: a randomized controlled trial on the effect of injections every 4 weeks, 6 weeks and 8 weeks.

Acta Ophthalmol 2013, vol. 91, issue 6

PURPOSE

Several clinical trials have established the efficacy of ranibizumab therapy administered every 4 weeks to treat exudative age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). Bevacizumab appears to be a cost-effective alternative to ranibizumab, although an optimal injection schedule has not yet been determined. In this study, we set out to determine whether bevacizumab treatment in exudative ARMD every 6 or 8 weeks is non-inferior to bevacizumab treatment every 4 weeks.

METHODS

A total of 191 patients with exudative ARMD were randomly assigned to a 1-year continuous regimen of intravitreal bevacizumab every 4 (n = 64), 6 (n = 63) or 8 weeks (n = 64). The primary outcome was visual acuity change after 1 year of treatment.

RESULTS

In all three treatment groups, visual acuity improved between baseline and 1 year. There was no statistically significant difference in the mean change of visual acuity score at 1 year for bevacizumab administered every 4 (1.96 ± 13.70), 6 (1.60 ± 10.98) or 8 weeks (5.98 ± 8.88). Reduction in central retinal thickness was observed in all three study groups. At 1 year, the mean decrease in central foveal thickness ranged from 86 ± 97 μm in the every 6 weeks group to 109 ± 90 μm in the group every 8 weeks group (p = 0.30).

CONCLUSION

At 1 year, bevacizumab administered every 6 or 8 weeks was not inferior to therapy administered every 4 weeks.

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