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Treatment Effects in Retinal Angiomatous Proliferation Imaged with OCT Angiography.

Ophthalmologica 2019, vol. 241, issue 3

PURPOSE

This prospective case series is aimed at exploring optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCT-A) as a treatment monitoring tool in patients treated for retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP).

METHODS

Twelve treatment-naïve RAP patients were included, with a median age of 79 years (range 65-90). Patients were imaged with an experimental 1,040-nm swept-source phase-resolved OCT-A instrument before and after treatment. Treatment consisted of either intravitreal bevacizumab or triamcinolone injections with or without photodynamic therapy (PDT). Abnormal blood flow after treatment was graded as increased, unchanged, decreased, or resolved.

RESULTS

OCT-A images before and after treatment could be obtained in 9 patients. The median follow-up period was 10 weeks (range 5-19). After various treatments, the RAP lesion resolved in 7 patients, in 1 patient the OCT-A depicted decreased flow in the lesion, and 1 patient showed unchanged abnormal blood flow. Monotherapy with intravitreal bevacizumab injections resolved RAP in 1 out of 2 patients. Combined therapy of bevacizumab with PDT resolved RAP in 6 out of 7 patients.

CONCLUSIONS

OCT-A visualized resolution of abnormal blood flow in 7 out of 9 RAP patients after various short-term treatment sequences. OCT-A may become an important noninvasive monitoring tool for optimizing treatment strategies in RAP patients.

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