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A novel homozygous nonsense mutation in CABP4 causes congenital cone-rod synaptic disorder.

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009, vol. 50, issue 5

PURPOSE

The purpose of this study was to identify the causative gene defect in two siblings with an uncharacterized cone-rod dysfunction and to describe the clinical characteristics.

METHODS

Genome-wide homozygosity mapping, with a 250K SNP-array followed by a search for candidate genes, was performed. The patients underwent ophthalmic examination, including elaborate electroretinography.

RESULTS

In a Dutch sib pair, a shared 9-Mb homozygous region was found on 11q13.1-q13.5 that encompasses the CABP4 gene, previously implicated in autosomal recessive incomplete congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB2) in two small families. A novel homozygous p.Arg216X mutation in CABP4 was detected in the sib pair. Quantitative RT-PCR on RNA isolated from patient lymphoblast cells showed no nonsense-mediated degradation of mutant CABP4 mRNA. Clinically, patients presented with reduced visual acuity, photophobia, and abnormal color vision, but they did not experience night blindness. Electroretinograms showed electronegative mixed rod-cone responses and severely reduced cone responses, as in CSNB2. Isolated rod responses, however, were (sub)normal.

CONCLUSIONS

A novel homozygous nonsense mutation in CABP4 in two siblings resulted in a phenotype with severely reduced cone function and only negligibly reduced rod function on electroretinography and psychophysical testing. Since these patients and two of three previously described patients do not experience night blindness, the name CSNB2 is confusing for patients as well as clinicians. Therefore, the authors propose to name the phenotype congenital cone-rod synaptic disorder.

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