2006-08: Development of the infant eye following congenital and traumatic unilateral cataract
Developmental processes depend on internal as well as on external factors, with infancy (age upto eight years) being a critical period. Sensory deprivation, for instance, can affect the eye with respect to morphology and functioning. Cataract is diagnosed in children of various ages and standard treatment implies surgical removal of the affected lens. Depending on eye condition, an artificial Intra-Ocular Lens (IOL) may be inserted to replace the original one. Examination of developmental progress of the operated infant eye will increase knowledge of the underlying mechanism and time course of ocular maturation. This may help to improve the ophthalmologist’s assessment of best treatment and/or prospect of pediatric cataract.
The growth of the eye, in particular the length of the eye axis, of children with unilateral cataract was measured in two types of patients: patients treated for congenital and traumatic unilateral cataract that were under 6 years of age at the time of treatment and patients diagnosed with cataract that remained untreated.